The Newfoundland dog
... is a breed with a long history. It was first mentioned in literature in 1776.
He is one of the largest of dogs, classified as a giant breed, with a long coat of hair, and a very special character. In Germany, he is bred according to the FCI-Standard, which allows black, white and black, and brown.
He originates from Newfoundland, an island province on the eastern coast of Canada. He worked alongside fishermen on their boats, helping pull in the heavy fishing nets, and he was a natural rescue dog should anyone be swept overboard. Even today, he shows a distinct passion for water, and his high intelligence requires that he be given tasks that engage his brain.
The Newfoundland is not blindly compliant. You cannot command his absolute obedience just because you demand it; he is an individual who thinks for himself. He will decide if it is safe to give you his trust and his devotion. But when you raise him well and train him intelligently, he will be utterly loyal, and can excel at whatever work you give him. He is one of the rare breeds who is able to act independently. The many rescues of drowning adults or children, when no one else was present to give the command or assist in the rescue, attests to that.
But he does not need to live by an ocean to be happy. The Newfoundland is at his best as a family dog, and he always wants to be with his people. With proper early training, he is supremely patient with humans, especially devoted to children, and delightfully friendly with other animals.
The Newfoundland is a family dog. He will not do well in a kennel!
When the weather is warm, his heavy coat puts him at risk of overheating. He needs a shaded cool area, and access to fresh water at all times. However, in the winter, he is in his element. He is happiest when it snows. Newfoundland owners often report their dogs love to lie outside in the snow, becoming white-covered mounds.